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Unseen Passage 1
Fascism, in the words of Mussolini, believes that “war alone brings up to its highest tension all human energy and puts the stamp of nobility upon the people who have the courage to meet it.” Again a doctrine which is founded on the harmful postulate of peace is hostile to Fascism. The Fascist then is one who believes that the bombardment of open towns with fire, poison and explosives (in other words, modern war) is intrinsically good. He is one who rejects the teachings of the prophets and believes that the best society is national society living in a state of chronic hostility towards other national societies and preoccupied with ideas of slaughter.
He is one who despises non-attached individual and holds up for admiration the person who, in obedience to the boss who happens at the moment to have grabbed a political power systematically. cultivates all the passion (pride, danger, envy, hatred) which the philosophers and the founders of religions have unanimously condemned as the least worthy of human beings. All Fascist planning, therefore, has but one aim to make the national society more efficient as a war machine. Industry, commerce and finance are all controlled for this purpose.
(a) Which can bring out the very best in the people according to Fascism?
(b) What kind of doctrine is appreciated In Fascism?
(c) What is condemned by Fascism?
(d) What type of passions are appreciated by the Fascist?
(e) What is the aim of the Fascist planning?
(a) Fascism believes that war only can bring out the very best in the people.
(b) Any doctrine that of bombarding is appreciated in Fascism.
(c) Any talk of peace is condemned in Fascism.
(d) The Fascist appreciates those passions which. the philosophers and religious leaders have spoken against.
(e) Fascist planning has the very limited aim to gear the country of war.
Unseen Passage – 2
If by some magic you could be granted one quick wish, perhaps you might wish to be popular. Being popular means being like by a lot of people instead of just a few close friends and that is a big wish. All the some you, too can be well liked if you are willing to be on guard against the perils of popularity.
Let us consider some of these. You cannot be polite and friendly to some and not to others without the word getting around as to what kind of person you really are. When you are considering other people take time, to be friendly with the folks older than you are—your neighbors, teachers, parents and other relatives.
If you treat them with respect, they are going to think of you as a likeable person, not as a good for nothing boy. And do not forget to be kind to the little kids too. Again you must think of others and consider their wishes. A majority wins, you know, and if you are out-voted in the discussion of what to do and where to go, remember that being a good sport is another way to help your popularity. A good lover does not complain when the plans do not go his way. At the same time do not be afraid that you are risking your popularity to stand up for what you think is right, It takes courage to say so, and is appreciated.
(a) Who does like to gain popularity ?
(b) What is difficult after getting popularity?
(c) What can help a person in retaining popularity?
(d) What can help in making a person Popular?
(a) Everybody likes to gain popularity.
(b) To remain popular after getting popularity is difficult.
(c) Respecting elders, loving youngers, caring for all, are a few things which can help a person in retaining popularity,
(d) Bold decisions also help in making a person popular.
Unseen Passage – 3
When I was a little boy, I grew up on a farm. My father who was a preacher was also a farmer. He would farm during the week and preach on the weekends. We, children grew up on the farm and had to help him in the fields. The hardest part was the gathering up of the the corn.
In those days we used wagons pulled by mules or horses. When we did bring a wagonload of the corn back to the barn. Papa would have my brother, Vaden and me pitch the corn into the barn. We would be throwing it right and left and at one another somethings, when suddenly he would stop us and say, Boys-Vaden, oral- be very careful with that corn. Take the big ears , the good ears and put them in a special pile over here.”
We were just little boys and didn’t know the difference and he said, “Boys those big ears are my seed corn. That’s what we will plant next year so we will have a better crop. We don’t want to plant corn from those little ears , we want to plant the best.
He was concerned about his seed corn being the top quality because he knew whatever he planted, that’s what he would get back.
(1)Say whether the following statements are true or false:
(a) The person telling the story is Vader.
(b) The father was both a preacher and a farmer.
(c) The little ears of corn were the best for seed corn.
(2) Answer the following questions:
(a) What did the boys do with the corn?
(b) What did the father tell his sons about the corn?
(c) What lesson do we learn from this story?
(1) (a) False (b) True, (c) False.
(2) (a) The boys Pitched the corn into the bonn. Sometimes they would be throwing it right and left at the one another.
(b) The father told the boy to be careful with the corn they should take the big ears and pile at one place. Those big ears were his seed corn.
(c) The moral of the story is whatever we plant that’s what we get back. In other words we can say – what we sow so we reap.
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