Paragraph on Importance of Trees | Essay on Importance of Trees

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Importance of Trees

Importance of trees – Essay Writing

India’s forests cover about 23% of the total geographical area of the country. Our forest area constitutes about 1.85 percent of the world’s total forest area. Trees play a vital role in the economy of the country. They provide fuelwood to poor people for cooking purposes. Trees also provide material for industry. Those who build houses get timber for house-building and for various other purposes. Besides, forests please the eye, attract rain and stop the erosion of soil.

Evergreen forests are found where the rainfall is heavy. There are such forests in the Western Ghats and the Sub-Himalayan regions. This category of forests yields hardwood, such as teak, rosewood and bamboos. The monsoon forests are found in large areas of the Deccan plateau. They provide teak, sal, sandalwood etc. The hill forests found at places above 500 feet include the best timber and other trees. In recent years, lakhs of fast-growing eucalyptus trees have been planted along the roadsides to attract rain.

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India’s trees wealth has been reduced as a result of the senseless cutting of trees. People need firewood for fuel. Even official agencies clear vast jungle areas for constructing dams, roads and buildings. The axe and bulldozer have been in common use. Grazing causes another problem in large parts of the country. So the annual rate of the loss of forests is a serious threat to the country’s economy.

This process of forest destruction is a worldwide tragedy. It is estimated that a forest of the size of Cuba is being destroyed every year. Nobody would be able to escape the adverse effect of this destruction. The disappearance of trees results in changing rainfall patterns and causing drought conditions in large areas. There is a report that about 25 percent of all the drugs are derived from trees. Trees also yield vital industrial oils, resins and dyes.

Now we understand the importance of forests in the country’s economy. We also realize their value in maintaining the ecological balance. Now the government tries to save the forest land and reserve forests in the country. But the destruction of forests continues. Lakhs of fresh trees are planted every year in India but they perish for lack of care.

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We get many types of things from the trees. They include bamboos of different kinds. We get grasses of various types. Medical plants, gum and lac are provided by forests. The Kandu leaf is found in Madhya Pradesh and Orissa. It is used for wrapping ‘beedis’ and is in great demand all over India. Kath is obtained from khair trees. It is widely used for medicines. In India, there are over 20,000 types of medicinal plants. So forests are of great value. They deserve much greater practical attention than they are getting now.

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